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Nature and Children's Health: A Systematic Review

Details: The strongest evidence for the beneficial health effects of nature was for physical activity (n = 108, 32%) and cognitive, behavioral, or mental health (n = 85, 25%). Physical activity was objectively measured in 55% of studies, and 41% of the cognitive, behavioral, or …

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Models of health and disease

Details: This paper describes and analyses six models of health and disease. These are: religious, biomedical, psychosomatic, humanistic, existential and transpersonal. Of these six models, only one was unequivocally reductionist: the biomedical. The others were all holistic. The religious, humanistic and tr …

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What Is Population Health

Details: Population health includes health outcomes, patterns of health determinants, and policies and interventions that link these two. Attention to social and environmental, as well as medical, determinants of health is essential. The population health lens can be used at the individual, practice, institutional, and community levels.

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Health economics in public health

Details: Background: Economic analysis is an important tool in deciding how to allocate scarce public health resources; however, there is currently a dearth of such analysis by public health researchers. Methods: Public health researchers and practitioners were surveyed to determine their current use of health economics and to identify barriers to use as well as potential strategies to decrease those

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Adverse health effects of 5G mobile networking …

Details: Affiliations. 1 Research Affiliate, School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia, United States. Electronic address: r[email protected] 2 Toxicology and Health Effects of Electromagnetism, McGill University, Canada. 3 Molecular Pharmacology, Einstein Center of Toxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, United States.

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Microbes and mental health: A review

Details: There is a growing emphasis on the relationship between the microorganisms inhabiting the gut (gastrointestinal microbiota) and human health. The emergence of a microbiota-gut-brain axis to describe the complex networks and relationship between the gastrointestinal microbiota and host reflects the major influence this environment may have in brain health and disorders of the central nervous

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Impact of atopic dermatitis on health-related quality of

Details: Background: Given its public health impact, there is need for broad and representative data on the humanistic burden of atopic dermatitis (AD). Objective: To establish the humanistic burden of AD in US adults. Methods: Data were from the 2013 US National Health and Wellness Survey; AD self-reports were propensity-matched with non-AD controls and with psoriasis controls.

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Cancer survival disparities by health insurance status

Details: We examined the association between health insurance status and survival of New Jersey patients 18-64 diagnosed with seven common cancers during 1999-2004. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals for 5-year cause-specific survival were calculated from Cox proportional hazards regression models; health insurance status was the primary

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Estimating the Prevalence of Binge Eating Disorder in a

Details: Methods: A representative sample of US adults who participated in the National Health and Wellness Survey were asked to respond to an Internet survey (conducted in October 2013). Assessments included 3-month, 12-month, and lifetime BED prevalence based on DSM-5 and DSM-IV-TR criteria and demographics, psychiatric comorbidities, and self-esteem

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The health equity measurement framework: a comprehensive

Details: The Health Equity Measurement Framework (HEMF) addresses these gaps by providing a more encompassing view of the multitude of SDOH and drivers of health service utilisation and by guiding quantitative analysis for public health surveillance and policy development.

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Health Justice: A Framework (and Call to Action) for the

Details: Health, equity, and justice make up the keystone of a functional, thriving society. These principles are unsatisfied when they do not apply equally to all members of society. This Article describes the social and legal roots of poor health and how health inequity, social injustice, and poverty are inextricably linked.

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Challenges of Global Public Health Emergencies

Details: Modern day health care providers have traditionally only focused on meeting the response phase requirements of disasters. The emergence of complex global public health crises such as climate change and extremes, biodiversity loss, emergencies of scarcity, rapid unsustainable urbanization, migrant and refugee surges, domestic and international terrorism, cyber-security, the civilianization of

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Is exposure to income inequality a public health concern

Details: Objective: To examine the health consequences of exposure to income inequality. Data sources: Secondary analysis employing data from several publicly available sources. Measures of individual health status and other individual characteristics are obtained from …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12650385/ Go Now

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Health management information system: a tool to gauge

Details: The health management information system (HMIS) is an instrument which could be used to improve patient satisfaction with health services by tracking certain dimensions of service quality. Quality can be checked by comparing perceptions of services delivered with the expected standards. The objectiv …

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Health Benefits of Air Pollution Reduction

Details: Air pollution is a grave risk to human health that affects nearly everyone in the world and nearly every organ in the body. Fortunately, it is largely a preventable risk. Reducing pollution at its source can have a rapid and substantial impact on health. Within a few weeks, respiratory and irritatio …

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Chapter 12: Nutrient Deficiencies and Oral Health

Details: Malnutrition can significantly affect oral health, and poor oral health in turn can result in malnutrition. This co-dependent relationship, therefore, relies on good nutritional health promoting good oral health and vice versa. A diet lacking nutrients can lead to disease progression of the oral cav …

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Health assets: a concept analysis

Details: Health assets mobilize an individual to engage in deliberation, decision making, and change. Consequences of health assets are positive health behaviors that can lead to mastery, self-actualization, and improved health outcomes. We propose both a definition of health assets and a descriptive model of its components and relationships.

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Patient education and health literacy

Details: Health literacy is linked to literacy and entails people's knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgements and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life during the life course.

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Health benefits of Moringa oleifera

Details: Moringa oleifera is a multi-purpose herbal plant used as human food and an alternative for medicinal purposes worldwide. It has been identified by researchers as a plant with numerous health benefits including nutritional and medicinal advantages.

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Lifestyle Medicine: A Brief Review of Its Dramatic Impact

Details: By ignoring the root causes of disease and neglecting to prioritize lifestyle measures for prevention, the medical community is placing people at harm. Advanced nations, influenced by a Western lifestyle, are in the midst of a health crisis, resulting largely from poor lifestyle choices. Epidemiolog …

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Social and Structural Determinants of Health Inequities in

Details: Since the World Health Organization launched its commission on the social determinants of health (SDOH) over a decade ago, a large body of research has proven that social determinants-defined as the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age-are significant drivers of disease risk and susceptibility within clinical care and public health systems.

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Understanding and Responding to Health Literacy as a

Details: Health literacy is a midstream determinant of health but not a panacea for addressing health inequities created by the maldistribution of opportunity and resources. It is possible to optimize the contribution health literacy makes in mediating the causes and effects of established social determinants of health.

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Health promotion and health education: advancing the

Details: Background: Health education and health promotion activities are a fundamental requirement for all health professionals. These two paradigms are closely related but are not inter-dependent. Despite this, it is known that many nurses confuse the terms and use them interchangeably.

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Wearable Health Devices in Health Care: Narrative

Details: In addition to daily health and safety monitoring, the focus of our work was mainly on the use of wearable devices in clinical practice. Methods: We conducted a narrative review of the use of wearable devices in health care settings by searching papers in PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library published since October 2015. Potentially

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The triple aim: care, health, and cost

Details: Improving the U.S. health care system requires simultaneous pursuit of three aims: improving the experience of care, improving the health of populations, and reducing per capita costs of health care. Preconditions for this include the enrollment of an identified population, a commitment to universal …

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Health, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Quality of

Details: The terms health, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and quality of life (QoL) are used interchangeably. Given that these are three key terms in the literature, their appropriate and clear use is important. This paper reviews the history and definitions of the terms and considers how they have …

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Connecting our resources: Louisiana's approach to

Details: Louisiana's rural community health systems are in crisis because of pressures fueled by the rising costs of health care, sustained poor health status, state budget shortfalls and changes in priorities, and a sliding rural economy. The development of community health networks is providing new infrast …

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Mental health literacy as a function of remoteness of

Details: Mental health awareness campaigns in rural and remote regions may be most appropriately focused on communicating which interventions are effective for depression and schizophrenia and which mental health and other professionals are trained in the best-practice delivery and management of these. There …

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Indoor temperature and health: a global systematic review

Details: Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify and appraise evidence on the direct and indirect impacts of high indoor temperatures on health; the indoor temperature threshold at which the identified health impacts are observed; and to summarise the evidence for establishing a maximum indoor temperature threshold for health. Study design: This is a systematic literature review and

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Evidence-based decision making in public health

Details: A stronger focus on evidence-based decision making in day-to-day public health practice is needed. This article describes the rationale for this need, including (1) the inter-relationships between evidence-based medicine and evidence-based public health (EBPH); (2) commonly used analytic tools and p …

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Health literacy and the social determinants of health: a

Details: Health literacy, ‘the personal characteristics and social resources needed for individuals and communities to access, understand, appraise and use information and services to make decisions about health’, is key to improving peoples’ control over modifiable social determinants of health (SDH).

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Health, Education and Employment Outcomes in Young

Details: Objectives: Since 2000, approximately 500,000 refugees have settled in the Nordic countries, about a third of them being children and young people. To identify general trends, and to detect gaps in the existing knowledge about the socioeconomic and health status of these young refugees, this review discusses the literature regarding three key areas related to welfare policy: health, education

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Health-care users, key community informants and primary

Details: Generally, participants showed a holistic and positive concept of health and a more traditional, individual approach to health promotion. We consider therefore crucial to depart from the model of health services that focuses on the individual and the disease toward a socio-ecological health model th …

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Mobile health clinics in the United States

Details: Mobile health care delivery is an innovative model of health services delivery that provides a wide variety of services to vulnerable populations. The clinics vary in service mix, patient demographics, and relationships with the fixed health system. Although access to care has increased in recent ye …

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Sleep health: can we define it

Details: Sleep health can be defined in such terms. Empirical data demonstrate several dimensions of sleep that are related to health outcomes, and that can be measured with self-report and objective methods. One suggested definition of sleep health and a description of self-report items for measuring it …

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Prevalence of Health Misinformation on Social Media

Details: The prevalence of health misinformation was the highest on Twitter and on issues related to smoking products and drugs. However, misinformation on major public health issues, such as vaccines and diseases, was also high. Our study offers a comprehensive characterization of …

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Carotenoids in human nutrition and health

Details: Carotenoids are naturally occurring pigments found in most fruits and vegetables, plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Humans cannot synthesize carotenoids and must ingest them in food or via supplementation. Carotenoids have a range of functions in human health. They primarily exert antioxid …

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Systematic review of health behavioral risks and cognitive

Details: The outcome--cognitive health--was defined as a continuum of cognitive function ranging from cognitive decline to impairment and dementia, and health behaviors included physical activity, smoking, alcohol drinking, body mass index, and diet and nutrition. Results: Of 12,105 abstracts identified, 690 relevant full-texts were reviewed. The final

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Health benefits of resveratrol administration

Details: Health benefits of resveratrol administration Acta Biochim Pol. 2019 Feb 28;66(1):13-21. doi: 10.18388/abp.2018_2749. Authors Sabina Galiniak 1 , David Aebisher 1 , Dorota Bartusik-Aebisher 1 Affiliation 1 Faculty of Medicine, Rzeszów University, Rzeszów, Poland. PMID

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Health literacy is associated with health behaviour and

Details: Background Health literacy may constitute a modifiable determinant of health behaviour and affect cardiovascular disease prevention. This study investigates the associations between health literacy and health behaviour as well as health status. Design A cross-sectional study on a population-based sa …

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Sleep Health: An Opportunity for Public Health to Address

Details: The concept of sleep health provides a positive holistic framing of multiple sleep characteristics, including sleep duration, continuity, timing, alertness, and satisfaction. Sleep health promotion is an underrecognized public health opportunity with implications for a wide range of critical health

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Health Literacy and Women's Reproductive Health: A

Details: Health literacy plays an important role in reproductive knowledge and may impact behaviors and outcomes. While further research is necessary, healthcare providers should utilize health literacy best practices now to promote high-quality care for patients.

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Government regulation of private health insurance

Details: Background: The strain on public resources to meet the healthcare needs of populations through publicly-provided health insurance programmes is increasing and many governments turn to private health insurance (PHI) to ease the pressure on government budgets. With the goal of improving access to basic health care for citizens through PHI programmes, several high-income countries have developed

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The GRADE Evidence to Decision (EtD) framework for health

Details: The health system and public health EtD framework can also be used to facilitate di … This framework provides a structured and transparent approach to support policy-making informed by the best available research evidence, while making the basis for decisions accessible to those whom they will affect.

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Insufficient Sun Exposure Has Become a Real Public Health

Details: This article aims to alert the medical community and public health authorities to accumulating evidence on health benefits from sun exposure, which suggests that insufficient sun exposure is a significant public health problem. Studies in the past decade indicate that insufficient sun exposure may b …

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The effects of water shortages on health and human

Details: The global health burden associated with these conditions is staggering, with an estimated 1.6 million deaths every year from diseases associated with lack of access to safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. In this paper we review the impact of …

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